Chapter 1.

Chapter 2.

Chapter 3.

Chapter 4.

Chapter 5.

Chapter 6.

Chapter 7.

Chapter 8.

Chapter 9.

Chapter 10.

Chapter 11.


The Development of the Art Market in England:
Money as Muse, 1730–1900
Thomas M Bayer  and John R Page
Website Designer: Jessie Lingenfelter
John Martin   (1789-1854)
*This is a work in progress; full citations are not available for some artworks. If you have information pertaining to any artwork please send us an email.
Joshua Commanding the Sun to Stand Upon Gideon, 1816
il on Canvas
18 7/8 x 42 5/8 in
Yale Center for British Art, Paul Mellon Collection (1840 version)
An Attempt to illustrate the Opening of the Sixth Seal

“Painter of historical and biblical scenes, and landscape. Born at Eastland Ends, a cottage near Haydon Bridge, Northumberland. Apprenticed to a coach painter in Newcastle, but ran away to study painting with an Italian, Boniface Musso. 1806 came to London, and at first worked as a china painter. Began exhibiting at the RA in 1811. His grandiose biblical scenes soon began to catch the popular imagination, and “Belshazzar’s Feast’, which made him famous, became through engravings one of the most popular pictures of the age. Exhibited at RA 1811-52, BI, SS, NWS and elsewhere. He continued to paint similar subjects, such as ‘The Plains of Heaven’, ‘The Great Day of His Wrath’, ‘The Last Judgement’, which were scorned by Ruskin and the critics, but enjoyed enormous popular appeal.  Although his technique and colouring were sometimes deficient, he had an undoubted ability to convey a sense of awe-inspiring grandeur, which has often been compared to the methods of modern epic films. He was also a watercolourist, and a book illustrator. Even today, he is often referred to as ‘Mad Martin’, a sobriquet which he does not deserve. Possibly it arises from confusion with his brother Jonathan, who was insane, and earned considerable notoriety by trying to burn down York Minister. Exhibitions of Martin’s work were held at the Hatton Gallery, Newcastle in 1951, at the Whitechapel in 1953, the Laing AG, Newcastle in 1970 and at Hazlitt, Gooden and Fox in 1975.”


Biographical Source: Wood, Christopher. The Dictionary of Victorian Painters.)